Scalp fungal infection is not only seen in adults but also in children. Especially in places with poor environmental sanitation and hot and humid climate. For cases of scalp fungus in children, it is necessary to treat effectively and properly to avoid persistent disease. The disease often makes children itchy, uncomfortable, eat poorly or fuss, especially at night
I. Overview of scalp fungal disease in children
1.1 Why are children susceptible to fungal scalp disease?
Scalp is a skin disease caused by a fungus, which can flare up in both children and adults. However, children 2 years of age and younger are more likely to get the disease than adults. The reason is that the child’s resistance is often weak, the skin barrier is not complete. Scalp fungus in children is more common in the rainy season, wet weather. This is the time when many bacteria, fungi can easily break out on the skin
1.2 Identification characteristics in children with scalp fungus
Children with scalp fungal often have some easily identifiable characteristics:
- The baby’s scalp appears small patches, looking like dandruff dandruff.
- In addition, the baby’s skin may also have small pustules forming blisters, honeycomb.
- Children may show signs of itching in the head, often scratching their heads. With younger children often fussy.
- Parents can see that their hair is falling out a lot, or with hair-on-the-body fungus (eggs) in the hair with round beads of millet, dark brown or black, you can pluck out your fingers like an egg.
1.3 Fungal hair strains in children with scalp fungus
There are many types of hair fungi caused by different types of fungi. Including common mushrooms such as:
- Microsporum strain: Occurs more in children from kindergarten age. Babies are contagious when sharing personal items, especially clothes, hats, hats and toys.
- Trichophiton: Causes scaly spots on the scalp, which causes itching. At the same time, these small marks can also lead to ringworm on the skin if not examined and treated early.
- Piedra hortai fungus: Causes millet-shaped round spots on the scalp. This type of hair fungus has almost no significant effects. Especially often encountered in hot and humid weather. Signs of millet hair fungus are easily confused with lice infections in young children.
II. How to treat scalp fungus in children
Treatment of scalp fungus currently has many methods.
Usually, your doctor may prescribe to your child some types of scalp treatment products, such as:
- Group of antifungal drugs with active ingredients griséofulvin, sporal, nizoral to treat hair, scalp fungus in children.
- It is possible to combine shampoos with antifungal ingredients such as selenium sulfide to improve hair and scalp fungus in children.
- In addition, your doctor may prescribe to your child additional oral medications such as Terbinafine hydrochloride to improve the symptoms of scalp and hair fungus.
For medicines to treat scalp fungus in children, parents should pay attention to use as directed by the doctor to avoid unwanted effects. The symptoms of scalp fungus are easily confused with impetigo, hairline inflammation, streptococcal horn, lupus erythematosus … Therefore, avoid parents arbitrarily buying medicine for treatment. Depending on the case, the treatment may last about 1 to several months
2.2 Topical or shampoo
Parents need to clean their hands before applying medicine to their children. Apply a thin layer of cream on the affected skin area 2 times a day. Avoid contact with the child’s eyes, nose or mouth. Fungi in hair have many parasites so hair that grows out of skin is broken. Leave the black dots. Parents can wash their children with fungal shampoos to remove fungal spores. At the same time prevent the scalp infection to others or spread to other areas on the scalp, young body
Parents can use natural, soothing shampoos for the skin. Currently on the market there are many types of shampoos with ingredients from locust, grapefruit peel, lemongrass, or like Antisol – extracted from Gurjun essential oil of India. These products are mostly very benign and effective. In severe cases of fungal infections, both oral medications and topical shampoos should be used. Shampoo alone cannot be cured, especially in cases of ulcers and pus discharge.
III. Some precautions to prevent fungal scalp disease for children should be noted
In general, scalp fungus in children is one of the skin diseases that cause many discomfort. In addition, this is also one of the highly contagious skin diseases. Therefore, parents should note the following precautions for children:
- Use a scarf, hat to wear to limit the spread of scalp fungus.
- Limit children scratching on the scalp because it can cause abrasions, scratches. This makes the affected areas worse.
- Regular hygiene of the baby’s scalp. Hair should be trimmed neatly so that the shampoo is cleaner and convenient for topical use. It is best for a boy to have his hair cut off.
- Dry the hair after shampooing
- While using scalp fungus do not share personal items. Especially hair brushes, hats (hats), towels, shirts, …
- Clean children’s clothes and utensils regularly, expose them to the sun to kill fungus.
- Children with a history of scalp fungal infection should be monitored and treated early. Avoid getting worse.
- Need thorough treatment according to the instructions of the doctor. Avoiding treatment halfway see that the disease is relieved by drug withdrawal
With the above sharing, hope you have gained more useful knowledge about children’s scalp fungus